• Examination of in-cloud sulfate chemistry using a different model initialization

    • Vlado Spiridonov
      Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geography and Astronomy, University of Vienna
    • Mladjen Ćurić
      Institute of Meteorology, University of Belgrade
    • Boro Jakimosvki
      Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje
  • We first examine characteristics of in-cloud sulfate chemistry of a mid-latitude convective cloud using a different model initialization. Specifically, we studied the relative importance of convection on sulfate aerosol transport and redistribution. The analysis is focused on 4 April 2000, when considerable dust transport is evidenced with high concentration and wet deposition of sulfate aerosol measured at the European Monitoring Environmental Program (EMEP) station located in the western mountain part of the Republic of Macedonia. The cloud-resolving model coupled with aqueous sulfate chemistry module has been employed to simulate the sulfate aerosol aqueous chemistry and wet deposition. The modeled results and sensitivities under various initializations are evaluated and compared with a ground-based measurements and laboratory analysis. The results indicate that the local environmental profiles derived from 2.5 km-scale WRF model provides a better cloud model initialization, capable of realistic representation of sub-grid-scale processes which are not adequately resolved by the WRF model with a coarser grid resolution. The method also shows a relatively good performance in simulation of cloud physical processes which take place in-cloud and the near cloud environment, cloud-chemistry interactions, relevant to sulfate acidification and sulfate deposition, which allows a more accurate quantitative assessment of sulfate concentration and pH values. Analysis also indicated that scavenging and oxidation are the principal processes affecting sulfate production, participating with 33 and 46%, respectively. Turning off the ice-phase processes leads to overprediction of sulfate aerosol production for about 8% relative to the base run. The verification analysis indicates that the numerical simulation initialized with a 2.5-km-scale WRF model shows a higher correlation coefficient with observations compared to other runs. This approach of initialization based on WRF conditions provides a scientific contribution by evaluating simulations of convective clouds in Macedonia against ground-based meteorological and chemical data, as well as by using the model to understand the driving processes affecting sulfate production and wet deposition.

  • PDF

  • http://phaidra.univie.ac.at/o:937281

  • Article

  • Published Version

  • 2018

  • 12

  • 2

  • 137-150

  • Springer Nature

  • English

  • Open access

  • CC BY Attribution 4.0 International
    © The Author(s) 2018

  • 1873-9318

  • A cloud-chemistry model; WRF initialization; Sulfate aerosol; Wet deposition; Acid precipitation